“Juneteenth National Independence Day 19th july.”

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Juneteenth, official name of federal holiday Juneteenth National Independence Day, also called Emancipation DayFreedom DayJubilee DayBlack Independence Day, and Juneteenth Independence Dayholiday commemorating the end of slavery in the United States, observed annually on June 19.

Juneteenth is an important holiday celebrated in the United States on June 19th each year. The name “Juneteenth” is a combination Juneteenth National Independence Day of “June” and “nineteenth” and commemorates the emancipation of enslaved African Americans. It marks the day when Union General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston, Texas, on June 19, 1865, to announce the end of slavery in accordance with the Emancipation Proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863.

In 1863, during the American Civil War, Pres. Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared more than three million slaves living in the Confederate states to be free. More than two years would pass, however, before the news Juneteenth National Independence Dayreached African Americans living in Texas. It was not until Union soldiers arrived in Galveston, Texas, on June 19, 1865, that the state’s residents finally learned that slavery had been abolished. The former slaves immediately began to celebrate with prayer, feasting, song, and dance.

"Juneteenth National Independence Day 19th july."

The following year, on June 19, the first official Juneteenth celebrations took place in Texas. The original observances included prayer meetings and the singing of spirituals, and celebrants wore new clothes as a way of representing their newfound freedom. Within a few years, African Americans in other states were celebrating the day as well, making it an annual tradition. Celebrations have continued across the United States into the 21st century and typically include prayer and religious services, speeches, educational events, family gatherings and picnics, and festivals with music, food, and dancing.

Juneteenth became a state holiday in Texas in 1980, and a number of other states subsequently followed suit. In 2021 Juneteenth was made a federal holiday. The day is also celebrated outside the United States, being used by organizations in a number of countries to recognize the end of slavery and to honour the culture and achievements of African Americans.

On June 19, 1865, enslaved African Americans in Texas were told Juneteenth National Independence Day they were free. A century and a half later, people across the United States continue to celebrate the day, which is now a federal holiday.

Juneteenth, an annual commemoration of the end of slavery in the Juneteenth National Independence DayUnited States after the Civil War, has been celebrated by African Americans since the late 1800s.

President Biden signed legislation in 2021 that made Juneteenth, which falls on June 19, a federal holiday, after interest in the day was renewed during the summer of 2020 and the nationwide protests that followed the police killings of Black Americans including George Floyd and Breonna Taylor.

There has been a noticeable increase in Juneteenth celebrations Juneteenth National Independence Day across the United States over the past few years.

The newest federal holiday, Juneteenth National Independence Day, celebrates the end of slavery in the United States. But at the state level, governments vary considerably Juneteenth National Independence Day in whether they commemorate it as an official holiday, a day of observance or something in between.

This year, at least 28 states and the District of Columbia will legally Juneteenth National Independence Day recognize Juneteenth as a public holiday – meaning state government offices are closed and state workers have a paid day off – according to a Pew Research Center analysis of state human resources websites, state legislation and news articles. ConnecticutMinnesotaNevada and Tennessee have made Juneteenth a public holiday at the state level starting this year.

In most of these states, Juneteenth is designated as a permanent state holiday Juneteenth National Independence Day and commemorated annually. In Alabama and West Virginia, Juneteenth has been authorized as a state holiday for this year by a governor’s proclamation; the holiday can become permanent in these states if their legislatures pass bills to make it so.  

In addition to D.C. and the states where Juneteenth is an official public holiday, other states give certain government workers the day off but haven’t declared Juneteenth a holiday at the state level.

Starting this year, California state employees can choose to take Juneteenth off in lieu of Juneteenth National Independence Daya personal holiday. In Pennsylvania, the day is designated as an “official annual observance” and a paid day off for state employees under the governor’s jurisdiction. And in North Carolina, some state workers can choose to take a floating holiday on a day of “cultural, religious or personal significance,” including Juneteenth.

Juneteenth is a combination of the words June and nineteenth. It commemorates Juneteenth National Independence Day the day more than two months after the end of the Civil War – and more than two years after Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation – when enslaved Black Americans in Galveston, Texas, were informed of their freedom.

It is one of 11 official federal holidays – or 12 for federal workers Juneteenth National Independence Day in the District of Columbia and surrounding areas during presidential inauguration years – meaning that federal workers get a paid day off and there’s no mail delivery. Most federal offices are closed on federal holidays, along with most banks and the bond markets that trade in U.S. government debt. The stock markets generally remain open, as do most retailers and other businesses, though these vary by federal holiday.

Most states where Juneteenth is a public holiday added it to their Juneteenth National Independence Day calendars in 2020 or later. The exception is Texas, where the holiday originated and where it is also known as Juneteenth National Independence Day Emancipation Day. Juneteenth has been celebrated locally in Texas since the 1860s and became an official state holiday there in 1980.

Public awareness of Juneteenth grew in 2020 amid nationwide protests Juneteenth National Independence Day after the police killings of several Black Americans, including George Floyd and Breonna Taylor. President Joe Biden signed the legislation that made Juneteenth a federal holiday in June 2021.

Every state has at some point passed a resolution recognizing Juneteenth at least as a day of observance – even those that do not count Juneteenth among their official public holidays. An observance is a day of awareness that isn’t accompanied by a day off.

In fact, except for Texas, all states that currently recognize Juneteenth as a public holiday commemorated it as a day of observance years before it became an official state holiday. Florida, Oklahoma and Minnesota were the first states outside Texas to commemorate Juneteenth as a day of observance in the 1990s. New Mexico has recognized Juneteenth as a state holiday since 2006, observed on the third Saturday of June; it became a paid holiday for state workers for the first time in 2022.

South Dakota, North Dakota and Hawaii were the last states to give Juneteenth any formal recognition as an important date. The day was not observed in South Dakota until 2020, when the governor proclaimed it a state holiday. In Hawaii and North Dakota, Juneteenth has been a day of observance since 2022 but is not considered a state holiday.

Juneteenth is catching on as a holiday in major U.S. cities as well. Last year, cities including New YorkLos Angeles and Phoenix declared the day an official paid holiday for city workers. In addition to Juneteenth, the District of Columbia celebrates Emancipation Day on April 16 in honor of the day Lincoln freed the enslaved people living in D.C., almost nine months before the Emancipation Proclamation.

Juneteenth was first recognised as a state holiday in Texas in 1980.

In the decades since, every state but South Dakota formally recognised Juneteenth as a state or ceremonial holiday.

When he was senator for Illinois, Barack Obama co-sponsored legislation to make Juneteenth a national holiday, but the law was never passed – even after he became president.

But the legislation gained momentum after Black Lives Matter protests around the country in the summer of 2020.

In the lead-up to 19 June 2021, both chambers of the US Congress Juneteenth National Independence Day moved swiftly to pass the bill and – with the signature of President Biden, it became law.

It is the first new federal holiday since Martin Luther King Jr Day was established in 1983.

The attempts to have Juneteenth declared a federal holiday were, however, decades in the making.

In 2016, 89-year-old Opal Lee walked from Texas to Washington DC to raise awareness and encourage lawmakers.

She walked 2.5 miles (4km) each day – representing the two-and-a-half years it took for enslaved people in Texas to learn they had been freed.

"Juneteenth National Independence Day 19th july."

“I’ve got so many different feelings all gurgling up in here,” Ms Lee said after Congress approved the new federal holiday.

“I don’t know what to call them all. I am so delighted to know that suddenly we’ve got a Juneteenth.

“It’s not a Texas thing or a black thing. It’s an American thing.”

The ending of slavery did not do away with racism, and in the years after emancipation, so-called Jim Crow laws were created to separate black people from white society and limit their civil rights.

The legacy of those laws is still being dismantled.

The deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor and other African Americans Juneteenth National Independence Day at the hands of police have spurred anti-racism protests.

It also comes as a cultural debate rages over the history of slavery and how Juneteenth National Independence Day it should be taught in American schools.

Juneteenth celebrations and traditions vary across the US. In some states there are parades, festivals and block parties where people gather to share food and play games.

As well as public readings and singing, picnics and church services, in Juneteenth National Independence Day some states rodeos, contests, concerts and parades are also organised.

Food also plays an important part, with barbecues being one of the most popular Juneteenth National Independence Day ways of marking the day with family and friends.

Here are a few ways people are participating this year:

  • Hosting a cookout or block party with friends and family
  • Eating barbecue, the popular southern dish enjoyed by many Texans
  • Joining virtual Juneteenth celebrations
  • Shopping at black-owned businesses

Despite the Emancipation Proclamation being signed two years earlier, it took time for the news to reach all parts of the United States, especially Texas. On Juneteenth, enslaved people in Texas learned of their freedom and the end of slavery. Juneteenth became a celebration of freedom, marking the momentous occasion of emancipation and the achievements and contributions of African Americans to American society.

Juneteenth is often observed with various events and activities, including parades, concerts, picnics, historical reenactments, and educational programs. It is recognized as a state holiday or a day of observance in many U.S. states and has gained increased national recognition Juneteenth National Independence Day in recent years. On June 17, 2021, Juneteenth was signed into law as a federal holiday in the United States, making it a significant milestone in acknowledging and honoring the history and legacy of slavery and African American culture.

  1. Historical Significance: Juneteenth holds immense Juneteenth National Independence Day historical significance as it symbolizes the liberation of enslaved African Americans in the United States. It represents a turning point in American history and the ongoing struggle for equality and civil rights.
  2. Origins: Juneteenth finds its roots in Texas, where on June 19, 1865, General Granger read General Order No. 3 in Galveston, officially announcing the emancipation of enslaved people. This momentous event has since been commemorated and celebrated as Juneteenth.
  3. Celebration and Traditions: Juneteenth celebrations vary across different communities and regions, but common traditions include public gatherings with music, dancing, barbecues, and picnics. Red is often worn to symbolize resilience, and traditional foods like red velvet cake, barbecue, and soul food are enjoyed. Many communities also organize educational events, historical exhibitions, and guest speakers to promote learning and understanding.
  4. Cultural Impact: Juneteenth is not only a commemoration of freedom but also a celebration of African American culture, heritage, and achievements. It provides an opportunity Juneteenth National Independence Day to highlight the contributions made by African Americans in areas such as music, literature, arts, sports, science, and civil rights.
  5. Recognition and Observance: While Juneteenth has long been celebrated in various communities, its recognition has grown in recent years. Many states have officially recognized Juneteenth as a state holiday or a day of observance. Following widespread support, it was designated as a federal holiday in the United States in 2021.
  6. Continued Relevance: Juneteenth remains significant as it serves as a reminder of the struggles faced by African Americans throughout history and the ongoing fight for racial justice Juneteenth National Independence Day and equality. It provides an opportunity for dialogue, education, and reflection on the progress made and the work that still needs to be done to achieve true equality for all.

Juneteenth stands as a powerful commemoration and celebration, highlighting the perseverance, resilience, and cultural heritage of African Americans while fostering a greater understanding of the nation’s complex history.

"Juneteenth National Independence Day 19th july."
  1. Symbolic Importance: Juneteenth represents more than just the end of slavery. It symbolizes hope, resilience, and the triumph of freedom over oppression. It serves Juneteenth National Independence Day as a reminder of the struggles endured by African Americans and the progress made towards equality.
  2. Spread and Awareness: Juneteenth celebrations have spread beyond Texas and are now observed in various parts of the United States. The holiday has gained increased Juneteenth National Independence Day awareness and recognition in recent years, with more communities embracing it and organizing events to honor its significance.
  3. Historical Education: Juneteenth provides an opportunity for historical education and reflection on the legacy of slavery. It encourages conversations about the history of slavery, the experiences of African Americans, and the ongoing pursuit of racial justice.
  4. Intersectionality and Unity: Juneteenth promotes the recognition of intersectionality—the understanding that race intersects with other aspects of identity and experiences. It serves as a unifying celebration that brings together people from different backgrounds to acknowledge the shared history and work towards a more inclusive society.
  5. Activism and Social Justice: Juneteenth has become a platform for activism and advocacy. It is often accompanied by discussions on social justice issues, racial equality, and the ongoing fight against systemic racism. It serves as a call to action for individuals and communities to engage in the pursuit of justice and equality for all.
  6. Global Impact: Juneteenth has inspired conversations and awareness beyond the borders of the United States. It has become a symbol of resilience and freedom worldwide and has influenced discussions on slavery, colonialism, and the struggles faced by marginalized communities in different parts of the world.
  7. Celebrating Black Excellence: Juneteenth celebrations not only acknowledge the struggles but also highlight the achievements and contributions of African Americans. It provides a platform to celebrate Black excellence, creativity, and cultural richness.
  8. Family and Community: Juneteenth is often celebrated as a family and community-oriented holiday. It brings people together, fostering a sense of belonging and collective pride. It encourages intergenerational conversations and passing down of traditions and stories.

Juneteenth’s significance and impact continue to evolve, with an increasing focus on education, social justice, and promoting inclusivity. It serves as a reminder of the ongoing commitment needed to ensure equality, justice, and freedom for all individuals, regardless of their race or background.

On “Freedom’s Eve,” or the eve of January 1, 1863, the first Watch Night services took place. On that night, enslaved and free African Americans gathered in churches and private homes all across the country awaiting news that the Emancipation Proclamation had taken effect. At the stroke of midnight, prayers were answered as all enslaved people in Confederate States were declared legally free.

Union soldiers, many of whom were black, marched onto plantations and across cities in the south reading small copies of the Emancipation Proclamation spreading the news of freedom in Confederate States. Only through the Thirteenth Amendment did emancipation end slavery throughout the United States.

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